is a postdoctoral researcher at the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics and the Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy at the Perelman School of Medicine. She has a PhD in Economics from the University of Jyväskylä. Dr. Laine’s research concerns efficiency and incentives in health care markets. In particular, she specializes in causal inference using quasi-experimental methods to study the effects of health information technology on pharmaceutical use and patient outcomes. In addition to empirical research, Dr. Laine also develops theoretical industrial organization models to study the effects of health care competition on prices and quality and the design of provider payments. Dr. Laine’s most recent work focuses on analyzing the supply and demand responses of regulation and competition in long-term care markets. Before the current appointment, Dr. Laine held visiting positions at The Comparative Health Outcomes, Policy, and Economics (CHOICE) Institute at University of Washington (2017-2018), the Economics Department at Columbia University (2015-2017) and Boston University (2012-2015).